Cactus Gallery LA
Ivory by artist Jonathan Martinez (The Art of the Endangered)
Acrylic on linen, 24” x 24”
Members of the rhinoceros family are some of the largest remaining megafauna, with all species able to reach or exceed one ton in weight. They have a herbivorous diet, small brains, one or two horns, and a thick protective skin formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary.
Rhinoceros are killed by some humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and used by some cultures for ornaments or traditional medicine. People grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties. The horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails. The IUCN Red List identifies the Black, Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceros as critically endangered.